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The requirement for a Change of use Planning Application for using various building types in the planning system

Most new buildings or major changes to existing buildings or to the local environment need consent – known as planning permission. Without a planning system everyone could construct buildings or use land in any way they wanted, no matter what effect this would have on other people who live and work in their area.
What a lot of people do not realise is that the different uses that a build can be used for is important under part of the planning system.
What this means is that different types of buildings have different Class Uses. Ie residential, shop use, office use, restaurant, industrial etc.
If you are looking to buy and use a shop premises as an office it would not be allowed unless you apply for a planning application for change of use from A1 (shops), to A2 (Financial and Professional Services).
This is special kind of application and could be part of a bigger project to ,say extend the property to make more room.

Below is a list of the Planning Class Uses and the possible use changes that would be allowed.
Some are especially new in that for a limited time you can interchange between classes without a formal application.
An example of this would be:- Permitted change to a mixed use as A1 & up to 2 flats
Temporary permitted change
(2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A2,A3,B1 (interchangeable with notification)

We at Homplan Designs can advise you on what is allowed and guide you through the process. Ring Chris on 01253 737724

PLANNING CLASS USES
A1
Shops

Shops, retail warehouses, post offices, ticket and travel agencies, sale of cold food for consumption off premises, hairdressers, funeral directors, hire shops, dry cleaners, internet cafes

Permitted change to a mixed use as A1 & up to 2 flats
Temporary permitted change
(2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A2,A3,B1 (interchangeable with notification)

A2
Financial and Professional Services
Banks, building societies, estate and employment agencies, professional services (not health or medical services), betting offices
Permitted change to Class A1 where there is a display window at ground floor level and to a mixed use for any purpose within Class A2 & up to 2 flats
Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A3
Food and Drink
Restaurants and cafes

Permitted change to Class A1 where there is a display window at ground floor level and Class A2
Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
A4
Drinking Establishments
Public houses, wine bars or other drinking establishments

Permitted change to A1, A2 or A3
Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)

A5
Hot Food Takeaways
For the sale of hot food for consumption off the premises.

Permitted change to A1,A2 or A3
Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)

B1
Business
a) Office other than a use within Class A2
b) Researchand development of products or processes
c) For any industrial process (which can be carried out in any residential area without causing detriment to the amenity of the area)
Permitted B1 change to Class B8 subject to total floorspace being no greater than 500 sq.m
B1(a)office permitted change to C3 subject to: prior approval process; previous use timings; limitations and exempt areas (until 30.05.16)
Temporary permitted change (2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1,A2,A3 (interchangeable with notification)
Permitted change from B1 to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
B2
General Industry
Industrial process other than that falling within Class B1

Permitted change to Class B1 and Class B8. Permitted change to B8 is subject to total floorspace being no greater than 500 sq.m

B8
Storage or Distribution
Use for storage or as a distribution centre
Permitted change to Class B1 subject to total floorspace being no greater than 500 sq.mb

C1
Hotels

Hotels, boarding and guest houses (where no significant element of care is provided)

Permitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
C2
Residential Institutions
Residential accommodation and care to people in need of care, residential schools, colleges or training centres, hospitals, nursing homes
Permitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
C2a
Secure Residential Institutions
Prisons, young offenders’ institutions, detention centres, secure training centres, custody centres, short term holding centres, secure hospitals, secure local authority accommodation, military barracks
Permitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful use)
C3
Dwellinghouses
Use as a dwellinghouse (whether or not a main residence) by
a) A single person or by people to be regarded as forming a single household
b) Not more than six residents living together as a single household where care is provided for residents; or
c) Not more than six residents living together as a single household where no care is provided to residents (other than use within Class C4)
Permitted change to C4
C4
Houses in multiple occupation
Use of a dwelling house by 3-6 residents as a ‘house in multiple occupation’ (HMO
NB Large HMOs (more than 6 people) are unclassified therefore sui generis
Permitted change to C3
D1
Non-residential Institutions
Clinics, health centres, creches, day nurseries, non-residential education and training centres, museums, public libraries, public halls, exhibition halls, places of worship, law courts
Temporary permitted change
(2 years) for up to 150 sq.m to A1, A2, A3, B1 (interchangeable with notification)
D2
Assembly and Leisure
Cinemas, concert halls, bingo halls, dance halls, swimming baths, skating rinks, gymnasiums, other areas for indoor and outdoor sports or recreations not involving motorised vehicles or firearms
Permitted change to state-funded school (and back to previous lawful/use)
Temporary permitted change
(2 years) to A1,A2,A3,B1 (interchangeable with notification)

NB: Any building in any Use Class (with limitations and conditions) can be used as a state- funded school for 1 academic year.
NB: Where planning permission granted after 5 December, 1988, permitted development rights allow the use to be changed to another use granted permission at the same time for a period of ten years from the date of planning permission: GPDO (1995) as amended Schedule 2 Part 3 Class E.
Sui Generis
(uses which do not fall within the specified use classes above)
Includes theatres, large
HMO (more than 6 people sharing), hostels, petrol filling stations, shops selling and/
or displaying motor vehicles, scrap yards, retail warehouse clubs, nightclubs, launderettes, taxi or vehicle hire businesses, amusement centres, casinos, funfairs, waste disposal installations

Other changes of use
Agricultural buildings
No permitted change except casino to D2
See 2013 GPDO amendment for flexible changes to A1, A2, A3, B1, B8, C1, D2 (subject to limitations and conditions including some prior approval requirements)

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